A dental restoration or dental filling is a dental restorative material used artificially to restore the function, integrity and morphology of missing tooth structure.
The structural loss typically results from caries or external trauma. It is also lost intentionally during tooth preparation to improve the aesthetics or the physical integrity of the intended restorative material.
Dental restoration also refers to the replacement of missing tooth structure by restoring dental implants. Dental restorations may be fabricated out of a variety of materials, Common direct restorative materials include dental amalgam, glass ionomer cement and composite resins. Composite resins are tooth-colored and aesthetically pleasing - you cannot see them (it looks like natural tooth structure).
Common indirect restorative materials include acrylic, porcelain, zirconia, gold and other metals.
Dental restorations can be divided into two broad types: direct restorations and indirect restorations. All dental restorations can be further classified by their location and size. If decay is spread beyond dentin, in that case root canal therapy is used, and a crown is fit.
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